2023 mini census started: Official survey of 1% of the population

2023 mini census started: Official survey of 1% of the population


Press Release #034 dated January 26, 2023

  • The microcensus provides important data about life in Germany
  • Households are randomly selected and participate in the study up to four times
  • The first results are available three months after the end of the study

WIESBADEN – The 2023 micro-census has started. From January to December 2023, a total of 810,000 people in approximately 380,000 households and community dwellings will be selected and interviewed using a random statistical method. This corresponds to about 1% of the population. The Federal Statistics Office (Destatis) asks randomly selected households for their support. Representing everyone, they provide information on topics such as schools and studies, training and further education, job and career search, income and living conditions as well as internet use.

Microcensus data is an important basis for planning and decision making

Unlike the 2022 census, which is held every ten years, the mini-census provides up-to-date data on the composition and socio-economic status of the population each year. “The results of the micro-census give the public, politics and science a lot of information about life in Germany. They form an important basis for political decisions that affect the lives of many people,” says Dr. Ruth Brand, President of the Federal Bureau of Statistics. The data is important, for example, for the adjustment of parental and housing benefits or pensions. The results are included, among other things, in the federal and state poverty and wealth reports as well as in the children and youth report, the family report and the federal government partnership report.

In addition, the mini-census includes questions from European-wide statistics on labor market participation, income and living conditions, and internet use. These internationally comparable results are important for measures to create equal living conditions in the European Union (EU), for example through the distribution of financial resources from the EU’s regional and social funds.

What can selected micro-census households expect?

Across Germany, more than 30,000 households are randomly selected for a mini-census each month and registered by their state statistics office. Anyone who is elected is legally bound to provide information. Respondents can either be interviewed by trained interviewers (by telephone) or fill out the microcensus questionnaire independently online or on paper.

In order to be able to make statements about changes and developments in the population, the selected households are usually surveyed up to four times (maximum twice within a year).

As with all official statistical surveys, data protection and confidentiality of personal data is guaranteed. All information will be treated as strictly confidential and will be used for statistical purposes only.

The first results are available three months after the end of the survey year

To shorten the time between the end of the examination year and the issuance of results, two types of results have been distinguished since the examination year 2020 – preliminary and final results. Preliminary and final results are based on fully processed and validated data. Unlike the previous results, the final results are based on a large number of households surveyed. This is due to the fact that even after the end of the research year, the lost households still provide information after reminders / reminders.

Since the 2021 sub-census, the first results have been published from the end of March of the following year. Final results are available from the end of January of the following year. As a result, the first results of the 2022 sub-census will be published at the end of March 2023.

More information:

Turn on Video on the website of the Federal Statistics Office explains what the microcensus is, why it is done, how households are randomly selected, why they should participate and what happens to their responses. The video is also inside Arabic, English, Polish, Russian and Turkish is available.

More information on the micro-census and answers to frequently asked questions can be found at www.microcensus.de to search

The results of the micro-census are published on the website of the Federal Statistical Office, including on the subject pages household and family, the labor market, level of education, migration and integration, living conditions and the risk of poverty, Use of IT, Stay and in the GENESIS databaseOnline (Tables 12211, 12231, 12251, 13231) provided.