Europe is once again showing its ability to push the actors with the biggest impact on the environment to follow a better system. The European Parliament and the Council actually reached an agreement at the end of December on the set “tougher requirements to make batteries more durable, more efficient and more resistant”.
Electric vehicle battery labeling, in particular, will be necessary. One “digital battery passport” in a few years it will be compulsorily connected to electric vehicles. It must include accurate data on the battery’s design, its technical data sheet and its use.
Cars will have a mandatory “digital battery passport” from 2026
The Global Battery Alliance (GBA), which brings together many car manufacturers and battery manufacturers (including Tesla, Audi, BMW, BASF, CATL and Volkswagen) has however decided to take the lead in defining the outline of this passport – which will be de. facto in Europe but also in other markets where their cars are sold.
On the sidelines of the Davos conference, the consortium has announced the mandatory implementation of the QR Code on all battery packs manufactured by its members. This QR code will contain everything that Europe wants to put in the famous “passport” such as the origin of the cell, the place of assembly, the manufacturer, the electrolyte or even the type of anode and cathode.
So this QR Code can be affixed to the batteries of all electric vehicles of the union by 2026. This corresponds to the European calendar. From 1 July 2024, all manufacturers of electric vehicles will have to clearly display the carbon footprint of their batteries, and communicate accurate data about their types.
The Global Battery Alliance wants to go further with the QR Code
In 2026, electric car batteries sold in Europe will also have to state their energy class. Then in 2027, lower thresholds will be set on the continent to push the most polluting batteries out. Before the implementation of more strengthened measures by 2030.
The battery passport will be mandatory in Europe in 2026 – so GBA is on time with its QR Code based solution. Still, our colleagues from 01Net raise a point that seems to be constantly debated among alliance members: should we go so far as to provide accurate data on the “State of Health” of batteries?
Currently, this data appears to be missing from the GBA-driven QR Code project. The European Commission, the Parliament or the Council may, however, ultimately end up setting a more precise list of points to be included in this passport. Finally, note that there is no question of keeping this battery passport for the sale of used electric vehicles at the moment.