Unfortunately, it is possible for an electric truck to collide with another truck or roll over at high speed. So Volvo Trucks has tested the breakdown of heavy-duty electric vehicles that began series production in September 2022.
Realistic simulation and crash testing of real traffic situations
According to Volvo Trucks, it uses rigorous calculations, hypothetical simulations and real-world crash tests to prove the safety of electric trucks in the event of an accident.
“Calculations and online simulations are the basis for developing and verifying the safe design of our electric trucks. In this way, we can digitally test a large number of scenarios and parameters,” says Anna Wrige Berling. The purpose of extensive crash testing. to reduce the risk of fire and chemical spills, check that batteries and electrical components remain in place of accidents and that the high-voltage system shuts off.
Implementation of three types of full-scale crash tests using electronic trucks
Three types of accidents were simulated by the Volvo electric truck: The side effect testwhere a chassis simulating a passenger car hits the side of a truck carrying battery packs.
of rollover test, in which the truck is forced to overturn. The purpose is to check if the high voltage system is switched off to reduce the safety risk for the driver and the rescue team.
For barrier test a truck collides with a barrier that mimics the rear of another truck. Here it is tested if the mechanical and electrical components under the cab remain in place.