They improve the mood, purify the air and can be the carrier of the selected interior design style. The variety of species means that everyone will find something for themselves – even those who have forgotten that they can choose plants that are easy to grow. What to choose for individual rooms, what are the rules to follow and how to care for potted plants? We have prepared a short guide for you.
An apartment or house full of plants is not only a visual and pleasant effect. Indoor plants affect the mental and physical condition of household members, and their positive effects on health are no secret. Planting plants and taking care of them is training the body – it improves motor coordination and adjusts blood pressure. In addition, plants reduce problems and aggression, as well as calmness. They can even act as antidepressants. However, this is only the beginning of their health properties.
– Green reduces, reduces and reduces. In our store Castorama Toruń, we offer a wide variety of potted plants that have one very important function – they purify the air. These are, among others, areca palm, sansevieria, peace lily, herbaceous plant, monstera. – says Edyta Doll, gardener from Castorama Toruń.
Improving the quality of indoor air has a number of other positive effects – it reduces the occurrence of headaches and throat diseases, and also improves well-being. Indirectly, this is also affected by high – thanks to plants – air humidity, which creates a human microclimate. Indoor air humidity is especially increased by species such as ferns and schafflers. Also let’s not forget that indoor plants clean the air of dangerous volatile compounds, which can be up to 900 different types. Their source is not only leaking windows or doors, but also building materials or office equipment. Decorative leafy plants have the greatest property that purifies the home air of toxins. Among them are eg ferns, palms, dracaenas, orchids, ficuses and spathiflora.
Selection of indoor plants. The most important rule
Plants in the interior are by far a universal design element. They fit any style and room. The size of the apartment does not matter here, because the choice of species and types of plants is huge. Small, large, in standing or hanging pots, in vases … to choose, by color. Plants in the apartment are an important trend that has stolen the hearts of interior designers, especially in recent years, allowing you to create a safe haven and a private relaxation area in your home. Plants give the interior character, allow you to visually expand or reduce the room, are perfect as a part of separating areas, and even allow you to hide defects in construction or finish. But how to arrange the interior with plants? Choosing the right type is half the battle. First, you should consider the size of the plant in relation to the specific place where you want to place it. Another issue is lighting, i.e. the right position. Sun exposure is important for plant health. South-facing windows are the brightest and warmest, while north-facing windows are the coldest and darkest. Before buying a plant, it is important to check in the growing conditions which position it prefers – direct sun, bright and diffused light, or maybe semi-shade or shade? Plants with motley leaves should grow near the windows, then the color of the leaves will be more vivid. Plants for sunny southern areas include: cacti and succulents. Especially flowering plants should not be placed in direct sunlight – they prefer cool places. Bright spaces, but without direct sunlight, are suitable for many potted plants – these can be east or west windows. On the other hand, in shady areas, away from windows, we put plants such as ivy or peace lily. It also turns out that you can get plants for rooms … completely without windows!
– In a bright bathroom, we put light-loving plants, such as bromeliads, arrowroots, ivy, dracaenas or ficuses. A bright and humid bathroom is also a good place to grow orchids, which bloom for a long time and in abundance. In rooms without windows, we can also grow plants. The way is to install artificial lights. Plants like sansevieria, peace lily, herbaceous plants or the famous zamiokulkas will cope well in difficult conditions. – explains Edyta Doll.
Equally important when choosing indoor plants is the temperature and humidity of the room. Tropical plants need normal, high temperatures, while those from hot areas – azalea, geranium or oleander – have a hard time coping with high temperatures, so in summer it is worth putting them outside. Temperature changes and even drafts can also be harmful to plants. Ficuses are particularly exposed to the negative effects of the latter. Let’s not forget about air humidity – for dry air, only cacti and succulents will be good, a large number of plants need air humidity at a minimum level. 50-60 percent
– When choosing a plant, we must consider the needs of agriculture and the characteristics of the plant. The choice of plants depends on several factors: insolation, proximity to heat sources (for example, a radiator), humidity of the room or the characteristics of the plant itself. When buying a large plant, we should have a good place already so that our specimen can grow freely. If you have children or pets, it is better not to choose plants with thorns or species that can cause the risk of poisoning. Poisonous houseplants include dieffenbachia, star of Bethlehem, ivy, and dracaena. You must consider the safety of children and animals when deciding to buy a specific type – emphasizes Edyta Doll.
Plants in the interior, ie the urban forest and biophilia
Another issue is the selection of plants for the style of the interior. We already know that plants are a universal accessory and suitable for any style – it’s true, but by choosing them correctly, you can give the room the right character. At first, we can deal with the types of plants for room work. For example, the kitchen should focus on edible plants and plants, in the bedroom on plants that give off oxygen at night (for example, cacti), in the bathroom on moisture-loving specimens (eg orchids), and in the living room on large-sized ones (eg dracaenas, yuccas or ficuses ). In children’s rooms, on the other hand, it is better to leave toxic or poisonous plants (eg oleanders, ficuses, monsteras, tulips, narcissi, nightshades or spurge, such as the star of Bethlehem). Returning to the style of the interior, plants will perfectly emphasize natural materials, used with passion, among others, in furniture. Scandinavian, boho or rustic style. Herb green is perfectly suited to wood, wicker, rattan or natural stone. The Provencal style likes lavender, and the colonial style likes exotic herbs. In fact, plants should not be missing in any other style of the interior – then make good use of the pot, its material and shape as an element of arrangement. The place where we put our pot and plant is also important. It doesn’t have to be an ordinary windowsill, plants also look good on the floor, and even in pots suspended from the ceiling. We are only limited in this matter by our thoughts – and of course, by the needs of the individual type, as we mentioned above. Plants make the interior more pleasant, add charm, and I can hide angular shapes, cavities or stains.
Plants are very popular in modern interior design. This is influenced by the increasing trends towards nature and attempts to connect man with the environment. The need to maintain continuity with the natural world has even become a social phenomenon and has earned a name biophilia, ie “the need for a sense of community with other living beings”. It appears in all areas of life, including interior design. biological structure was, among others, recognized as a leading trend in space planning in 2020. The interior is organized according to the law biophilia they are full of vegetation, use natural materials and organic shapes, and use decorations inspired by nature, eg nature paintings or floral prints on clothes. The open layout of the rooms, large glazing, the use of earth colors and the arrangement of flower balconies and terraces are also in trend. biophilia. Another trend at the peak of popularity is urban forest, urban forest style. The characteristic features of the apartment in the urban jungle style are the improvement of space with living plants and the use of natural materials and effective decorative motifs. Wood, ceramics, wicker, linen or bamboo, as well as the color of the earth (beiges, browns, greens), combine the style. urban forest and conduct biophilia. Wallpapers with non-stylized patterns of leaves, flowers and stems or decorations using wood will also work well.
Home plant care. Tips in a pill
The basic care of indoor plants is, of course, watering. Water standing at room temperature is best for watering plants. What’s so hard about that, you might ask. It turns out that a common mistake when planting potted plants is overwatering, causing root rot and fungal diseases. On a plant that has been overwatered, you may see the tips of the leaves dry up or even the entire leaf. Experts mention an easy way to check if the plant needs watering – just insert a wooden stick or finger to a depth of about 2-3 cm into the pot and check if the soil is already dry at this depth – if so, water. it is, if not – put it aside for watering. Remember that plants with large leaves need more water, and plants with thick stems need less. We never water “in stock”, and in winter we water less than in summer. In the spring and summer, it is also worth remembering about plant fertilizers, which is a very good preventive measure against diseases and insects. Fertilizer is especially important for flowering plants. It is also important to take care of the cleanliness of the plant. Yes, all indoor plants, especially those with large leaves, should be dusted regularly to prevent clogging of their breathing holes. We should also remember to plant the plants on the right substrate and prevent root rot by ensuring proper drainage, that is, holes at the bottom of the pot. Potted plants, depending on their age and type, also need to be transplanted every 2-4 years, using a pot with a diameter of 2-4 cm larger than the previous one.
People who “do not have a hand with flowers” do not worry about the complex rules of plant care. You can successfully choose from easy-to-grow varieties. They do not need fertilizers, they are resistant to neglect and adverse conditions, and at the same time retain all the benefits of indoor plants. This is a great option for busy, forgetful and PC. Plants that are easy to grow include: long and resistant to drought and lack of light zamiokulkas, coils perfectly adapt to difficult conditions, aloe vera problems, succulents problems and resistant, and at the same time effective – stick insects. Cacti or herbaceous plants should not be a problem either.
– Plants that are easy to grow are those that have low requirements and do not need to be looked after in a special way. Zamioculcas, succulents, sansevieries and aloe have similar benefits. Just choose a good place for them and do not water them moderately. Excess water can cause rotting and, as a result, the death of the plant – summary by Edyta Doll.
Now no one has any doubts that the plants in the modern interior are quite it must have. The benefits of health, working conditions and rest are undeniable, as is the possibility of achieving unity with nature and the environment. Turning to nature is a sign of our times. And good! These trends are worth following.