The whole problem is that the area where Grünheide is located is dry. The new plant of the largest American company in the electricity industry will require 1.2 million cubic meters of water per year. It should be provided by the regional company Wasserwerk Eggersdorf. The state ministry of environmental protection in Brandenburg has authorized Wasserwerk Eggersdorf to obtain additional water. On the other hand, environmental organizations believe that the ministry, when issuing the permit, did not pay enough attention to the protection of water resources and the natural environment.
This assessment is confirmed by the Water Works Association (WSE), which reports, among others, Wasserwerk Eggersdorf. This alliance has given Wasserwerk Eggersdorf the right to use almost four million cubic meters of water every year. However, this dam did not take into account the needs of the electric car factory, which is new in this area. FEZ has repeatedly stated that there is not enough water in this area to meet the needs of this plant. A possible increase in water extraction at this rate will strain the water system, making the water not only sufficient for Tesla, but also for households throughout the region.
Another important technological project for East Brandenburg also had water supply problems. It is about building a data center that was supposed to be built in the east of Berlin and was an investment by the American Google. It is not only about the water necessary for production and use by employees, as in the case of Tesla. In the case of a data center, large amounts of water are needed to cool the servers, especially in summer. To prevent computers from overheating, cool them down. This is usually done with air, cold water is used to cool it down. In the summer, it is more than cooled by electricity, which increases the demand for electricity. No wonder large data centers are called “power consumers.”
As reported by the radio and television station rbb, Google pulled out of the investment in Neuenhagen at the same time due to lack of water. In the past, there was also the EEZ veto mentioned above, which, like Tesla, said that there is not enough water in the area for everyone.
German experts believe that the problems with water resources in Brandenburg are the result of open-pit mining in North Saxony and southern Brandenburg. This has consequences not only for Brandenburg, but also for Berlin.
Open-pit mining, which has been taking place in Lusatia for centuries, stabilized and created the region’s water system, supporting the water supply in the German capital of 3.7 million inhabitants.
As a result of mining operations, about 10 cubic meters of groundwater per second entered the system. It was distributed to local rivers and streams as well as to the Spree and its tributaries, supplying groundwater resources. However, most of the water stopped along the way and created wetlands connected by many canals, such as the Spreewald. It all ends with the gradual closure of open-pit mining in Germany. So instead of supplying water to Brandenburg and Berlin, the water remains in dirty open lakes and melts.