There are few countries in Europe with as many caravan owners as the Netherlands. And since the outbreak of the coronavirus, sales of new and used caravans have exploded again. But we are also in a transition period where more and more drivers are switching to electric cars. It makes sense that many caravan owners wonder if you can tow a caravan with an electric vehicle. Unfortunately, that doesn’t happen. Read everything you need to know here.
Many people who drive an electric car for the first time are surprised especially by the quick acceleration. This is because the electric engine is more powerful than the average gasoline engine and, moreover, it produces its maximum pulling power immediately from standstill. The internal combustion engine reacts more slowly and must first be revved to work at maximum, while also having to change gears several times to stay in the optimal rev range.
The best electric towing vehicle
The features of the electric motor come in very handy when towing a trailer. However, it doesn’t seem like an electric car can pull a (heavy) trailer. There is a whole range of models that, according to the manufacturer, are not even allowed to pull the cart at all. These are often small and old models.
Why is there no weight to draw?
This is often due to the fact that no approval was requested by the manufacturer. At a time when the electric car is still in full development and all attention is paid to increasing variety and reducing costs, towing weight is less of a priority. In addition, as a vehicle manufacturer, you don’t want to mess up if the battery is dead whenever you are driving with a trailer.
Many other electric models are approved, but with a maximum towing weight of 500 or 750 kg. Not only to protect the range, but perhaps also because the expensive electric vehicle system cannot withstand long-term, heavy loads.
Example petrol vs electricity
– Electric Volkswagen e-Golf (year of construction 2017-2020) with 136 hp and 290 Nm of torque is allowed Nope towing a trailer. The Volkswagen Golf 1.5 TSI with 130 hp and 200 Nm, almost the same car but with a petrol engine, can tow 1,400 kg.
– Electric Peugeot e-2008 with 136 hp and 260 Nm mag Nope towing a trailer. Its petrol sibling, the Peugeot 2008 1.2 PureTech with 130 hp and 230 Nm, can tow 1,200 kg.
– According to the manufacturer, the electric BMW iX3 with 286 hp and 400 Nm of pulling power cannot be exceeded. 750 kg Pull. The entry-level version of its petrol sibling, the BMW X3 xDrive20i with 184 hp and 300 Nm, can tow no less than 2,400 kg.
Now it’s suddenly hard
Since the beginning of this decade, however, it has seen a huge increase in the variety of electric vehicles with sufficient towing weight, along with the rapid development of battery technology. The latest models are getting faster and faster, they can load faster and faster and they are getting more and more stable. Manufacturers are getting more and more confident in their electric vehicles and are now having trouble getting them approved as tow trucks.
The number of electric vehicles with a towing weight of more than 750 kg has increased significantly in a short period of time. Most of this has a maximum towing weight of 1,000 kg. For most four-person caravan owners, that may be too little. Fortunately, there is also a wide choice of electric vehicles with a maximum towing weight of 1,200 kg or more. Only then will you have an amount of at least 50,000 euros soon. This means that an electric car with a large towing weight is still far from affordable for everyone.
‘Tow car of the Year’ is electric
Full proof that electric cars are the best smoking cars if approved by the manufacturer is provided by the Hyundai IONIQ 5. In June 2022, ANWB named it ‘.Car of the Year‘. The jury even thought it was “one of the best drag cars we’ve ever driven.”
In addition to the ease and support with which the IONIQ 5 tows a caravan, the good performance is also due to the high weight and low center of gravity of the vehicle (due to the very heavy battery at the bottom). Partly because of this, the stability of the car and the caravan is “invincible“. In addition, the IONIQ 5 offers a large range, the battery can be charged very quickly and the car already takes the weight of the caravan into account when determining the range. All things that are very pleasant when driving to your vacation destination.
The Hyundai IONIQ 5 that ANWB tested for the Trek car of the Year selection was the 77.4 kWh battery version with four-wheel drive (AWD). A car with 306 hp, 605 Nm, 460 km of range, a weight of 1,600 kg and a new price from 57,000 euros.
Pay attention to variety
Electric cars are therefore the best towing vehicles. And the number of electric vehicles with a large towing weight is increasing rapidly. But there are a few things you should keep in mind when choosing an electric car. Remember that an electric vehicle uses 30 to 50% more energy when towing a trailer. This means that you can drive 30 to 50% less than your usual distance with a full battery.
Pay attention to the version of the car
For most electric vehicles, the maximum towing weight depends on the version. For example, the Tow Car of the Year mentioned above is allowed to tow 1,600 kg. However, the basic version of the Hyundai IONIQ 5 with a 58 kWh battery and front-wheel drive can only tow 750 kg. So be sure to choose the right version if the towing weight of the vehicle is important.
Pay attention to weight
Because of the large battery, an electric car is already heavier than a comparable gasoline car. And because batteries are getting bigger, cars are also getting heavier. Even to the extent that in some cases you may even have a BE driver’s license to take the caravan with you.
Let’s take the famous model Tesla Model X. Although it can tow 2,250 kg, it weighs more than 2,300 kg. Since the combined weight of the car and the caravan cannot exceed 3,500 kg, the caravan cannot exceed 1,200 kg including the load if you have a B driving license. Not only Tesla Model X, but also models like BMW iX, Mercedes-Benz EQC and Audi e-tron weigh more than 2,250 kg.
Examples of electric vehicles that are not allowed to tow a trailer:
– Peugeot e-2008
– Opel Mokka-e
– Citroen e-C4
– DS 3 Crossback E-Tense
– Volkswagen ID.3
– Cupra was born
– Porsche Taycan
– Audi e-tron GT
– Volkswagen e-Golf
– Nissan Leaf
– Lexus UX 300e
– Mazda MX-30
– Model Tesla S
– Tesla Model 3 (until 2019)
Examples of electric vehicles with a maximum towing weight of 500 kg:
– MG ZS EV
– Electric MG5
– Renault Megane E-Tech (130 hp)
Examples of electric vehicles with a maximum towing weight of 750 kg:
– Ford Mustang Mach-E (GT + 2WD)
– Mercedes-Benz EQA 250(+)
– Mercedes-Benz EQB
– Mercedes-Benz EQE
– Mercedes-Benz EQS
– MG Marvel R Electric
– Kia Niro EV
– Subaru Soltera
-Nissan Ariya (2WD)
– Toyota bz4x (2WD)
– Kia EV6 (58 kWh)
– Lexus RZ 450e
– Jaguar i-Pace
– BMW iX3
– Hyundai IONIQ 5 (58 kWh)
Examples of electric vehicles with a maximum towing weight of 1,000 kg:
– Volkswagen ID.4 (Pro)
– Volkswagen ID.5 (Pro)
– Volkswagen Buzz ID
– Skoda Enyaq (iV 60 + iV 80)
– Tesla Model 3 (from 2020)
– Audi Q4 e-tron (35 + 40)
– Ford Mustang Mach-E (AWD)
Examples of electric vehicles with a maximum towing weight of 1,200 kg:
– Volkswagen ID.4 GTX
– Volkswagen ID.5 GTX
– Skoda Enyaq iV RS
– Audi Q4 e-tron (45 + 50)
– BMW iX1
Examples of electric vehicles with a maximum towing weight of 1,500 kg:
– Polestar 2
– Volvo XC40 Pure Electric
– Volvo C40 Pure Electric
-Nissan Ariya (AWD)
Examples of electric vehicles with a maximum towing weight of 1,600 kg:
– Hyundai IONIQ 5 (77.4 kWh)
– Kia EV6 (77.4 kWh)
– BMW i4
– Tesla Model Y
Examples of electric vehicles with a maximum towing weight of 1,800 kg:
– Audi e-tron
– Kia EV6 GT
– Mercedes-Benz EQA (AWD)
– Mercedes-Benz EQC
– Volvo XC40 Twin Pure Electric
– Volvo C40 Twin Pure Electric
Electric vehicles with a maximum towing weight of 2,000 kg:
– BMW i7 (2,000 kg)
– Tesla Model X (2,250 kg)
– BMW iX (2,500 kg)
Examples of towing weights for electric commercial vehicles:
– Opel Combo-e (750 kg)
Peugeot e-Partner (750 kg)
– Citroen e-Berlingo (750 kg)
– Toyota Proace City Electric (750 kg)
– Ford e-Transit (750 kg)
– Opel Vivaro-e (1,000 kg)
– Peugeot e-Expert (1,000 kg)
– Citroen e-Berlingo (1,000 kg)
– Toyota Proace Electric (1,000 kg)
– Renault Kangoo E-Tech Electric (1,500 kg)